Why Dual Vocational Training (Apprenticeship training, ‘Lehre’)? Dual vocational training (DVT) is internationally recognized as a good practice in tackling youth-unemployment and in integrating vulnerable adolescents into society. “Out of around 50 refugees enrolled in higher vocational schools, only one managed to graduate”, whereas for DVT the number of successful graduates is higher (Albl (lobby. 16): January 13, 2017). DVT offers a practical orientation through learning by doing. There is a high interest from refugees in the practical orientation of DVT. DVT builds upon existing public services and programs (eg. Jugend College and Kompetenz Check). DVT enables refugees to gradually adjust to the realities of working within an Austrian company. DVT allows refugees to burst the ‘social bubble’1 in a way that potentially facilitates a smoother transition into the labor market through a multi-level learning process (personal, social, cultural, and professional).