The recent “Brexit” referendum win as well as the rise of parties campaigning for other “exits”, can in many ways be thought of as the logical outcome of the paradoxes of the neoliberal labour relation policies that the EU has (largely) supported until now. To what extent is the direction of this discontent valid when it comes to labour relations, however? Is the EU to blame for the worsening wage share in Austria or is is simply a scapegoat?